02 – Empiricism

Modern physics is empiric science – empiricism – and it is beyond any doubt that it is extremely successful. Physicists have discovered the constituents of matter and the relations between the distinct phenomena. The results are described in the Standard model of particle physics.

In spite of the research of physicists all over the world during nearly a century, there is still no accepted Theory of everything in physics. That’s a bit worrying so it raises a question about the suitability of the empiric method to search for the Theory of everything.

What are physicists doing when they observe the properties and mutual interactions of the phenomena in the universe?

Phenomenological reality is like a mathematical set, so we can represent phenomena with the help of a Venn-diagram (figure 1). Set A and set B have constituents (properties) in common and this is represented by the intersection (AB). So when we want to relate phenomena to each other with the help of experiments, the measurement is the intersection between set A and set B.

01.pngfigure 1
Unfortunately, the search for the theory of everything is not a search for the relations between phenomena at the lowest scale (elementairy particles and force fields). It is the search for the “underlying” reality. A reality that forms all the distinct phenomena in the universe. Thus it is the search for the not composed properties that create the composed set A and composed set B. In other words, set A and set B are part of an all-inclusive set that envelopes everything in the universe: set C.

02.png
 figure 2

The Venn-diagram in figure 2 looks nice but it is a wrong representation of reality. It merges the phenomenological view – set A and set B – with an all-inclusive view (set C). That is why we cannot represent the composed phenomena A and B in figure b with the help of 2 sets because set A and set B cannot have an intersection. It cannot differ from the properties of the structure of set C because phenomenon A and B emerge from set C (see figure 3). The absence of the intersection AB in relation to the present of set C proofs the uselessness of the results of measurements when physicists try to find the Theory of everything.

This simple model shows that empiricism is not the right scientific method to explore the Theory of everything. Because it is impossible to deduce the properties of set C with the help of the results of experiments that are related to the properties of physical phenomena like particles and force fields (composed phenomena).

03.pngfigure 3
The solution to by-pass these problems is simple. Research in the field of the Theory of everything must not focus upon the observed properties of the phenomena but on the general properties that are observable everywhere in the universe (the properties of set C). Moreover, the description must be done with the help of correlated mathematics. The next post is the start of an explanation how this can be done.

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